Ghaziabad - World's Second Fastest Growing City

 
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GHAZIABAD FACTS

Historical Importance

From the historical cultural, mythological and archeological point of view Ghaziabad is a prosperous city. This has been proved from the research work and excavations carried out at the mound of Kaseri  suitated on the bank of river Hindon, 2 km north from Mohan Nagar shows that civilization was developed here in 2500 B.C.
Garhmukteshwar provides salvation to the people and Pooth village situated on the bank of river Ganga are associated with Mahabharat period. Nearby is the Ahar region which was supposed to be the capital of Pandava's and Janamejay's Nag yagya site. The Loni fort is associated with Lavanasura of the Ramayana period. As per the Gazetteer the fort was named after Lavanasura (from Lavana it changed to Loni).
On the eastern border of the district is situated the village "KOT" which is associated with the famous emperor SamundraGupta, who performed the Aswamedha yagya here after destroying the fort and "Kot Kuljam" (princes of the Kot dynasty), which was an incident of great historical importance at that time.
During the rule of Sultan Muhammad-bin -Tuglak in 1313, the entire region had become a huge battle-field. sultan Nasiruddin popular for his simplicity and honesty spent his childhood in the Loni fort here. The attack of Taimur came on the fort and  human massacre by him is detailed in the history. The importance of Loni increased during the Mughal period as the Mughal King used to come here for hunting and pleasure trips. Baage Ronaq is a memorial of that period.
It is clear from the recent researches that seven wars were fought in this region. The Kot war in the fourth century was fought at Loni and the war between Taimur and the Indian warriors was fought at Surajpur. The Maratha-Mughal war, the war between the ruler of Bharatpur King Surajmal and Najib on the banks of the Hindon river and the war in 1803 between Sir General Lake and the Royal Maratha army were fought here but the most important was the war for freedom fought at the banks of river Hindon on 30-31 May 1857 with the British rulers. This was the first war of independence and it brought Ghaziabad much of its glory. In fact during 1857 war, the entire district witnessed scenes of this peoples’ fight for freedom. The hero of Dadri Martyr King Umrao Singh, the great sacrificer of Mukimpur(Pilkhuwa), King Gulab Singh, fourteen Martyr of Dhaulana Sahib Singh, Sumer Singh, Kitna Singh, Chandan Singh, Makhan Singh, Jiya Singh, Daulat Singh, Jiraj Singh, Durga Singh, Masahab Singh, Dalel Singh, Maharaj Singh, Wazir Singh and Lala Jhanku Mal Singhal were hanged to death by the british. Many villages of the district jumped into this war under the leadership of the immortal Martyr of Malagarh walidad Khan and sacrificed themselves and their belongings at the altar of motherland and made the entire region a holy place for independence. People living here can be proud of the role played by the martyrs of this district for the independence of the country.
This land has given birth to many freedom fighters who played a leading role in the 1949 August revolution. This district has also provided its sons, who have sacrificed their life on different frontiers for the national defense. Apart from this many villages and sub-urban areas of this district are known with fame and glory. The ancient colony of  money lenders at Dasna who lent money to the Kings, Muradnagar established by Murad, Begamabad(presently Modinagar), the famous Maratha General Mahadjin's daughter Balabai's jagir Jalalabad, centre of the 1857 revolution Hapur, Royal elephant farm and latar Horse farm during the British period at Babugarh etc. are famous historical places of this area which make it a dignified place in the history.

Ghaziabad founded by Ghaziuddin

Originallly as story passed from generations, Ghaziuddinnagar was founded in 1740 by a minister Ghaziuddin, who called it after himself and built a spacious sarai consisting of 120 rooms of masonry with pointed arches. Only the gate, a few portions of the boundary wall and a massive pillar about fourteen feet in height remains now, the precincts now being inhabited. History lovers or government hardly care about the portions of remains merged with several houses and shops.His masoleum still stands in the city but is in a bad state of preservation. Slowly only the name of the town will remain and structures will be lost if not cared timely by archeology department. The Jat king Surajmal, killed near the city by the Rohillas in 1763. An encounter between the freedom fighters and a small British force took place here in May, 1857, in which the former were defeated while trying to control the Hindon river. After opening of railway line the name of the place was shortened to Ghaziabad.

Formation of the District

Before 14th November 1976 Ghaziabad was the Tehsil of District Meerut. Then chief minister Mr. Narayan Dutt Tiwari declared Ghaziabad as district on 14th November 1976. Since then Ghaziabad has made speedy progress on the social, economic, educational, realty and agricultural fronts.
Headquarter of the district Ghaziabad City lies on the Grand Trunk road on the bank of Hindon river at Lat. 280 40' North and Long. 770 25' East, 19 Kms. east of Delhi and 46 Kms. south-west of Meerut with which it is connected by a metalled 6 lane road. A north-west road lead to Loni and Baghpat and eastern road to Hapur and Garhmukteshwar. Buses run at frequent intervals between Ghaziabad & Delhi, Meerut,Aligarh,Bulandshahar, Moradabad, Lucknow as well as  other districts of Uttar Pradesh. It is an important station on the Northern Railway where railway lines, from Delhi to Calcutta, Moradabad and Saharanpur make it a junction point, connecting almost every part of  India.
As it's boundary is adjacent to Delhi, it acts as the main entrance of Uttar Pradesh and that is why it is also called the CAPITAL GATEWAY OF U.P. It is also a very important satellite city of National Capital Region.

Census Facts

An official Census 2011 detail of Ghaziabad, a district of Uttar Pradesh has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Uttar Pradesh. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Ghaziabad District of Uttar Pradesh. In 2011, Ghaziabad had population of 4,661,452 of which male and female were 2,481,803 and 2,179,649 respectively. There was change of 41.66 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Ghaziabad District recorded increase of 46.89 percent to its population compared to 1991. The initial provisional data suggest a density of 3,967 in 2011 compared to 2,800 of 2001. Total area under Ghaziabad district is of about 1,175 sq.km. Average literacy rate of Ghaziabad in 2011 were 85.00 compared to 69.74 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 88.16 and 81.42 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 79.84 and 58.01 in Ghaziabad District. Total literate in Ghaziabad District were 3,398,407 of which male and female were 1,871,853 and 1,526,554 respectively. In 2001, Ghaziabad District had 1,899,735 in its total region. With regards to Sex Ratio in Ghaziabad, it stood at 878 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 860. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate

Geographical Location

District Ghaziabad is situated in the middle of rivers Ganges & Yamuna. It is roughly rectangular with lenght 72 Kms. and breadth 37 Kms. Towards north it is bouned by District Meerut, on south by Bulandshahar & Gautambudh Nagar Districts and on the south-west by Delhi, the capital of India and on east by District Jyotibaphule nagar.
Ganga, Yamuna and Hindon are the main rivers flowing through the district and are full of water throughout the year. It has also some small rainfed rivers, especially the Kali river. In addition to rivers, the Ganga Canal flows through the district and irrigation work is carried out through many branches of the Canal. The Ganga canal also caters the drinking water required for the people of ghaziabad and Delhi.

Fondly called as the Oxford of the North and the HOT CITY of National Capital Region of India, Ghaziabad as a Ciity & District has grown manifolds over the past few years.

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